Publications Positive Youth Developmental Assets and 5CS on Roma and Egyptian Minority Adolescents in Albania during Covid-19

Une publication de Eglantina Dervishi et collègues, soutenue par l'Axe Santé mondiale suite au concours de soutien à des initiatives structurantes menés par des stagiaires au post-doctorat (2019-2020). Revue: EC Psychology and Psychiatry 12.2 (2023): 01-09

Autrices et auteurs

Eglantina Dervishi, Fatjona Hysi and Albana Canollari-Baze


The benefits of Positive Youth Development assets and the 5C-s (Competence, Confidence, Character, Caring, and Connection) have gained significance among researchers around the world [1]. However, less is known about the benefits of the 5C-s and Internal and External assets of the adolescents from Roma and Egyptian minorities in Albania. This paper aims to explore the distribution of. Internal and External assets and the 5 C-s on minorities adolescents. The paper utilizes data collected from a representative sample of 14 - 20 years old adolescents in Albania after the first waves of Pandemic COVID-19. Positive youth development assets are mea- sured using The Developmental Assets Profile (DAP) and the short form of the PYD questionnaire was used to measure the 5C-s. The distribution and descriptive analysis statistics were obtained using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences SPSS 22. Pearson’s Correlation coefficients were used to explore the association between internal and external assets of DAP and 5 Cs, and t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to explore the differences between groups for PYD assets. In total 201 adolescents for Roma and Egyptian minorities were included in those analyses. Lower scores on PYD and 5Cs are present in both groups. Analyses revealed that minority groups differed in some internal and external assets and in some of the 5Cs of PYD. Adolescents from the Egyptian minority seem to have a higher level of internal and external assets for support, Expectations, and boundaries, and Commitment to learning, compared to the Roma minority. The findings imply lower levels of External and Internal Assets and the 5Cs, especially, Creative use of time, Expectations and boundaries, Commitment to learning and Positive values. Related to the 5 Cs lowest levels are for Competence and Connection. To our knowledge, this is the first study focused on Roma and Egyptian minority adolescents on the 5Cs and Internal and External Assets. This study highlights the need to encourage adolescents to participate actively in various ways in their positive development during and in the aftermath of COVID-19. The more assets that Roma and Egyptian adolescents have, the more likely they will make healthy lifestyle choices, regardless of age, race, gender, or geographic origin.