Publications Publication - Risk behaviors and well-being among Egyptian and Roma adolescents in Albania during the COVID-19 pandemic: Vulnerability and resilience in a positive youth development perspective


Une publication de Diana Miconi (UdeM) et collègues parue dans Front. Psychol. 14:989661 (2023) et soutenue par l'axe Inégalités sociales de santé et équité et l'axe Santé mondiale suite au concours "Utilisation et valorisation de vos banques de données de recherche / Use and valorization of your research databases" 2021-2022. Félicitations !


Diana Miconi, Sonia Ouimet, Mohammed Abdullah Heel Kafi, Eglantina Dervishi, Nora Wiium and Cécile Rousseau


Introduction: Egyptian and Roma communities represent two of the most deprived and stigmatized ethnic minorities in Albania. However, research investigating vulnerability and well-being in youth from these communities is scant. Even less is known among Egyptian and Roma adolescents who dropped-out of school. Within a Positive Youth Development framework, we investigated among Egyptian and Roma adolescents: (1) risk behaviors, well-being, and developmental assets (personal and contextual); (2) associations of developmental assets with risk behaviors and well-being; (3) specificities by ethnicity, gender, and education.

Methods: A total of 201 Egyptian and Roma adolescents (Mage = 16.63, SDage = 1.80; 47% girls; 53% school dropouts) completed a series of questionnaires in a community setting in August 2020 (first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic).

Results: Binomial, Poisson and linear regression models indicated that Egyptian and Roma adolescents reported similar and high levels of risk behaviors, with boys reporting overall more risk behaviors than girls. Low level of well-being and of personal and contextual assets were reported. Girls reported higher family assets, positive values and social competencies than boys. The situation of adolescents attending school was overall not better than that of youth who had dropped out. Higher positive identity was associated with higher well-being.

Discussion: Intervention and prevention efforts are urgently needed to support minority adolescents’ development during and in the aftermath of the pandemic. They should address the structural factors which limit the availability of personal and contextual resources in minority youth’s lives. Interventions aimed at building safer neighborhoods and providing safe access to schools for minority youth should be a priority and are essential to prevent the widening of inequalities during and after this health emergency.